In R, how do you test a vector to see if it contains a given element?

Three ways to test a vector to see if it contains a given element. Do not tell me instead of using functions,  you want to traverse the vector from first element toward the last.

1. match () : return the first appearance, if not exist return NA

> vt <- c('a', 'b', 'c')
> match('b', vt)
[1] 2
> match('d', vt)
[1] NA


2. %in% : return a Boolean

> vt <- c('a', 'b', 'c')
> 'a' %in% vt
[1] TRUE
> 'd' %in% vt


3. any () : Given a set of logical vectors, to see if at least one of the values is true

> vt <- c('a', 'b', 'c')
> any(vt=='a')
[1] TRUE
> any(vt=='d')


When the vector is big, the time cost is what need to be considered.  I do some simulation and it shows the efficiency ranking for these three functions is (shorter time first) :

any () > match () > %in%



How to get the data set variable list into a macro variable

Sometimes when you have a huge SAS dataset and would like to list or print the variable names in the dataset, it is better to store the list of variable names into a macro variable first and then you can use this macro variable to either print or select the specific columns which you wanted.

There are multiple ways to do this, for example using PROC CONTENTS or a better way below:

proc sql noprint; 
 select distinct name 
 into : varlist separated by ' '
 from dictionary.columns
 where upcase(libname)='WORK' and